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tv   Newsline  PBS  July 4, 2011 5:00pm-5:30pm PDT

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welcome to "newsline." glad to have you. it's tuesday, july 5th. i'm catherine kobayashi. asked for continued cooperation from ariva the largest nuclear reactor maker. at the fukushima daiichi nuclear power plant. met with ariva vice president in paris on monday. he expressed gratitude for mokly for providing the -- at the
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reactors. >> translator: we must review the safety standards and implement best measures to operate them. >> mockly said the industry in europe is facing problems since the problem. if the industry becomes more transparent. he added that ariva hopes to exchange views on aspects of nuclear energy with japan in the future. a majority of the nuclear plants in japan have been halted since the fukushima power plant accident. but not all are against resuming their operations. a mayor in southwestern japan has approved the resumption of two plants. the gankai plant has been given the go ahead after the march
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disaster. the mayor of gangki town gave the go ahead. two reactors at the plant have been idle since routine checkups were completed in april. >> i'm convinced that the safety sof the genkai plant has been secured. >> translator: we'll continue to do our best to gain understanding about the safety of nuclear power generation. and emergency safety measures. >> the genkai plant has part of the total that remains offline since the march disaster or regular inspections. attention has moved to whether the governor of sanga will do the same despite concerns about its safety.
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the mayor next to genkai town voiced concern about the restart. >> translator: people in karatsu city are cautious. i remain skeptical about their safety. >> members of japan's nuclear safety commission say the government must do more before it lifts an evacuation advisory for areas near the plant. during a news conference on monday they were referring to comments from the minister in charge during the disaster. could lift areas 20 kilometers of the plant by july 15. but a safety assessment must be carried out to fully understand the situation. they say the government must also confirm that another explosion will not occur. residents in the advisory zone
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are required to remain indoors and must be prepared to evacuate in case of emergency. some have already left for safer areas. the zone must be thoroughly moderated for contamination because before residents are allowed to return to their homes. tokyo electric power company set july 17th as the date for completing -- under control. by that time they hope to have cooled the reactors and prevent any hydrogen explosion. while workers struggle to bring fukushima daiichi under control, mothers have a struggle of their own. they need to protect their children from radioactive contamination. to do this, they need reliable energy which is in short supply.
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>> reporter: since the end of may, schools and other institutions have been measuring radiation levels twice a week. they determine the average radiation level by taking five sets of readings at one centimeter above the ground, another at 50 sent meters, another another at one meter. the authorities say the reading gives no reason for alarm. hatsimi always checks the website for radiation at nearby schools. her three children attend elementary school and kindergarten. worries about radiation, she makes them wash and rinse out their mouth when they come home. though she can check the radiation levels of nearby schools, they do nothing to
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reassure her. >> translator: i don't know whether these readings are safe. but at least they give me something to go by. when the numbers are high, i feel so anxious about letting my children play outside. >> reporter: there is plenty of information about radiation. a local coffee shop hosted a workshop so mothers could ask questions about radiation exposure. the 40 seats is were quickly taken. at the workshop, experts answer the mothers' questions. >> translator: my son plays baseball. he practices on the dusty field every day. when he comes home, i'm always worried about him. >> translator: when my child eats something and i'm not sure how safe it is, i say to myself oh no. and it makes me so nervous. >> translator: i understand you all want to avoid risks. you may try to avoid anything
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you consider dangerous because it helps you feel safe her and reduces your stress. i thk that's okay. but i don't think it's necessary right now. >> reporter: the arguments about what to do can be heated. this online discussion is run by a local nonprofit organization that supports people who are raising children. after the earthquake, there are more than 250 posts about radiation. here's one argument about vegetables grown in ibaraki. >> translator: i feel sorry for local farmers, but i don't let my children eat vegetables from fukushima. >> translator: the water and vegetables are said to be safe in those areas. it doesn't make sense that some people refuse to eat them. why do you have to post opinions like that? >> translator: i think each one of us deals with the situation
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differently. if a mother worries too much, it may affect her health. and if a mother is depressed were her child might worry too. >> reporter: the debate continues with no consensus emerging when it comes to dealing with the hazards of radiation, each mother is on their own. >> early, we spoke to radiation expert yoe shee ma ajida. it was translated. >> translator: it was said more susceptible to radiation than adults. how do you see the anxiety of young mothers in the video clip? >> translator: well, radiation is invisible and people can be exposed without knowing. so it's scarey.
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particularly children compared with adults have two to three times risks of cancer. that's raising anxiety. that detected doses of 0.2 to 0.3 per hour, this is two to five times the normal. so if people stay outdoors, say eight hours in normal life, they'll be exposed to an additional one millisevert an hour. in that case, people shouldn't be worried. >> translator: that's external exposure, right? there's also a strong concern about internal exposure. >> translator: well, the level of contamination has dropped substantially. it's still a concern. people can avoid or can reduce
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the internal level exposure. for example, contaminated vegetables. people can take vegetables in dispersed area it is and that will reduce total exposure. >> translator: how -- and what can we do to reduce the risk of radiation exposure? >> translator: well, first people should measure radiation in various places to identify the risky places. the key is to check places where puddle is formed after rain. for example, ditches, gutters, parks under the swings and horizontal bars. and take measures to minimize exposure. children should refrain from going near risky places. or clean up those places well enough, adults not children should clean up the places. and even if people are exposed to radiation, there are some
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measures that can be taken. we can reduce the risks of cancer, for example, we need to educate children not to smoke in the future and eat plenty of vegetables. >> translator: there is a limit to what we can do, but what should the society at large do to limit children's exposure to radiation? >> translator: well, we need to do in each of the districts to measure the dosage of radiation. and children, parents, local residents, doctors, school teachers, and the government, politicians should discuss the matter well. one of the countermeasures, permissible level of radiation exposure in each district can be set and take measures to lower the level. contaminated soil can be removed
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but is that entails costs. and there is a question where should the removed soil be treated and how? we need to obtain support from residents there and mental support should be necessary for those who are worried. in short, the key is consensus building. the greatest common devisor should be set for a community. for that, an administration and local people should come up with proactive measures and build a community that fights back against radiation. >> translator: thank you. sciences has been speaking to us about radiation and its implications for children's health which we are all concerned about.
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in other news, the europe union will send about $14.5 million in food aid to north korea. the europe peen commission made the announcement on monday. they say it would be distributed through the world food program to about 650,000 people living in the northern and eastern provinces. the commission said the eu and the wfp will check delivery at everyone stage and visit sites, hospitals, childcare facilities, and households. it also said it would not hesitate to have end hunitaan aid if it discovers the food is being diverted from recipients. e uconn firmed that north koreans are receiving only 20%
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of the necessary daily nutrition from state distribution systems. former bosnian serb commander ratko mladic is accused of ordering the mass murd of 8,000 muslims in 1995. he appeared in the international criminal tribunal at the hague on monday. he faces 11 charges. he interrupted the prosiding judge. he said he would not listen to a word of the script unless his chosen lawyer was present. he continued to shout and told the judge to stop. he was removed from the court. the tribunal resumed without the defendant and continued with the proceedings.
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refusing to plea is the same as pleading not guilty. the massacre took place not only in the town but also the surrounding area. and takahashi went to one of the neighboring places and talked z to survivors about mladic's trial. >> reporter: the village is a vivid reminder of fears that remain on walls and houses. 16 years ago, the village was raided by a serbian group. over 200 male muslims were reportedly brought to the warehouse in the village and shot to death one after another. only to have survive.
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31-year-old haso is one of them. he guided us around the massacre site. at the time of the tragedy, he was only 15. >> translator: they were all shot in front of this wall. after the armed guard killed about 30 people, they made male villagers carry the bodies away. after that it was their turn to get killed. it continued for what seemed like an eternity. i could not get closer. >> reporter: when he thought it was his turn to die, a serbian soldier ordered him to fetch water. so he went to a well.
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>> translator: a girl whose throat had been slashed was lying near the well dying. i didn't want to die like that. i decided to run. even if i might get shot. >> reporter: serbian soldiers fired at him as he ran. but he managed to escape. but his father was caught by a militant and never returned to his family. >> reporter: hasanovich lives with his family. after the massacre, his life returned to normal. but he's now once again hounded
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by painful memories. it started in late may when he heard about ratko mladic who ordered the murders. >> translator: mladic is responsible for the massacre. when i see him, all of the memories come back so vividly. >> reporter: hasnanovich started taking tranquilizers. >> translator: without medicine, he can't calm down. >> reporter: hasanovic doesn't want his children to experience his suffering. tvs and newspapers report on the
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mess massacre every day. he says he has to tell his children about his painful history. he took his daughter to a cemetery where the victims of the massacre are buried. his father is buried here too. he talked to his daughter in front of a memorial. >> translator: so many people were killed. you should never forget that. but the important thing is that you should never hate anybody. we should never forget the massacre. but instead of just dwelling on the past, we have to move on to the future.
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>> reporter: hasanovic is ready to take the stand as survivors of the massacre if asked to do so by a special tribunal in the hague. although 16 years have passed since the tragedy, survivors still suffer trauma. but they are trying to forge ead for the next generation. jun takahashi. the younger sister of thai prime minister will become the first leader after the party won a resounding victimfully a low ter house election. >> translator: my highest priority is to foster reconciliation amongst the people of thailand.
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>> people of thailand have been split since he was ousted five years ago. the prime minister in waiting was referring to her brother who went into exile five years ago when she made a further comment. >> translator: i will not grant a pardon to any person in particular. >> she apparently wants to run the government on a sound footing. but some say confusion could arise if the former prime minister gets involved in the new government. thaksin says he wants to support the prime minister. indonesian caregivers are heading to japan to help with examinations to qualify to work there. the candidates were invited to the embassy in jakarta on
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monday. japan has been accepting indonesian nurses and caregivers for four years. 105 will enter the program this year. the indonesian government says three applicants withdrew after the march 11 disaster in japan. but many are determined to join the program despite opposition from their family members. [ speaking in a foreign language ] >> after arriving in japan, they'll learn japanese and then
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work in hospitals and nursing homes across the country. welcome back to your weather update. we're looking at the weather in east asia and we are still talking about that seasonal rain front that continues to produce a lot of moisture below it. it did bring quite a bit of heavy rain to japan yesterday and is continuing to be active today and across the country. still unstable conditions. so while the widespread persistent rain has eased, there's still the chance of stronger storms especially in the morning hours. you do want to watch out for periodic heavy downpours. as we head into the later part of the day, it will start getting wet again in southern portions of the country. then the same rain front will bring more rain towards the
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central side of china as well and remain heavy in towards inland areas of the country. looks like it may intensify again today. northeast china, more showers are going to be spreading and moving on in today. for the southeast, showers and thunderstorms will prevail across much of the philippines. tuesday's highs up to 31 in tokyo. 35 in beijing. and 38 degrees. high heat that you do want to take care if you are going to be out and about. now over towards the americas. looking at this active frontal boundary here in the deep south will bring more rain. that will interrupt fireworks here. mid-atlantic region may see stormy weather tonight. another storm here in the upper plains into parts of central
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canada as well. rain will really start moving in towards ontario and quebec over the next 24 hours. for the rockies, still scattered showers that extend towards mexico. lots of tropical moisture here so you will see more rain over the next couple of days. as for tuesday's high it is, going to be up to 36 in houston. it's hot but not as hot in phoenix. 43 for phoenix. very strong heat again. stay well hydrated the as you head outdoors. as for europe, it's still very unsettled towards the east where we have a slow moving system producing scattered showers and downpours. looks like it may spread more towards the baltic states as well as russia. need to watch out for thunderstorms that are looking to develop. they may intensify more towards the alpine region as well. out towards the west, rain is really going to start spreading
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across british aisles and also western france will start feeling showers in the latter part of tuesday. as for highs here, 23 in vienna. paris up to 30 degrees. that's a look at your weather conditions for now. i will leave you with your three day outlook.
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and that's all for this
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